Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). IL-4 stimulates T helper type 2 (Th2) cells and ILC2s to proliferate and produce cytokines. Dupilumab, an antibody against the IL-4 receptor, is used in AD therapy. We speculated that its efficacy might involve blocking the activation of Th2 cells and ILC2s via IL-4. Here, we examined circulating Th2 cells and ILC2s in 27 Japanese patients with AD before and after the administration of dupilumab.